La ciencia está sumida en una especie de fase REM del sueño

Science is stuck in some form of REM sleep

Science has ceased to be disruptive after experiencing an explosion of revolutionary innovation in the last century, but at the same time, something big is brewing that promises to once again change the course of man in fields such as astrophysics, physics, biology and neuroscience. History.

nature magazine warns Something abnormal is happening in science: Although the number of studies and researchers is increasing, scientific knowledge is no longer disruptive, it is no longer revolutionizing what we know.

Nature emphasizes that there are more than 90 percent fewer disruptions than eighty years ago in almost all areas of science and technology, and in some cases none at all.

Things are changing, according to the journal: Progress is slowing in some key areas of scientific knowledge, reflecting a fundamental change in the nature of science and technology: consolidation-based research is dominant, and destructive knowledge is declining.

The lead author of this study, Michael ParkAfter reviewing 60 years of patents and research papers, maybe science has gone too far and it takes time to absorb prior knowledge, just as Einstein did before he changed the course of the history of science.

science REM sleep

In this sense, we can say that science has entered a kind of REM phase in this century: there is movement (as in the eye lens during sleep), but the scientific body is sleeping soundly, still enjoying the aftertaste of wakefulness.

The vigilance of this stage of science refers to the explosion of innovation we have experienced in the last century that has revolutionized both the physical sciences and the life sciences and social sciences.

The truth is, we’re still digesting everything we’ve learned in the last century, especially the discovery of the (seeming infinite) subatomic world in all its variants, both at the infinitely small and the infinitely large.

Relativity, quantum mechanics, the blessing of the Big Bang Theory to explain the origin of the universe are all parts of this devastating scenario that has characterized science in the last century.

revolutionary century

Also, other examples include the first human arrival on the Moon, the establishment of genetics, the emergence and application of information technology, the first observation of gravitational waves, the emergence of Airbus, consuming structures Who awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1977? Ilya Prigoginand after realizing as the french biophysicist said Henry Atlanabout what scientific truth is an ornament of truth. Is there anything more subversive to the rationalism of the Modern Age?

Therefore, we can say that the 20th century was extremely destructive and that in this century we have deepened the knowledge we acquired at that time: A clear example of this is the confirmation of the existence of the world. Higgs BosonIt was formulated in 1964 and recognized with the Nobel Prize in 2013.

A discovery, It’s a task we’re still deeply confused about in the middle of two centuries helping us better understand how subatomic particles of matter are formed, just as with relativity, gravity, or the universe. Standard Model 50 years after its formulation, the particle physics we already know his days are numbered: It cannot explain what we call New Physics.

Science is intertwined with its own developments. Gerd Altmann on Pixabay.


new horizons

Parallel to this REM dream, it is a fact that; Something big is brewing in the world of science It promises to once again change the course of human history in fields such as astrophysics, physics, biology and neuroscience.

Scientific American magazine gives some clues: point In this regard, the search will continue in 2023. life beyond eartheither because the James Webb Space Telescope is telling us about biosignatures on a distant exoplanet, or because we discovered fossils on Mars’ Jezero Crater cliffs, where NASA’s Perseverance rover collected samples.

New Yorker stands out one of 2022 superior year scientifically: it refers specifically to the fact that we have succeeded for the first time in history. deviate from orbit A celestial body (DART) 11 million kilometers from Earth.

Two centuries in chains

In addition, the 2022 findings on its effectiveness psilocybinThe hallucinogen in magic mushrooms against depression has even stunned some scientists.

It also expresses the scientific achievement of being successful. human neurons learn to play pongthey experience “sensations” that allow them to interact with their environment without actually forming a brain or even having consciousness.

The finding in Greenland is also notable. oldest DNAIt’s also the first successful experiment on a lost world two million years ago. nuclear fusion, It can produce more energy than it consumes: Like the Higgs boson, there is likely to be a major decay between two centuries. These are indicators of what is being fabricated in the field of science.

get out of the nightmare

Many arguments have been put forward for and against whether science is stuck on its own feet. law of diminishing returnsaccordingly, it becomes more and more difficult to innovate in a context full of innovation.

But also a Implicit consent: we need to rethink science and the policies that guide it because, given the global crisis we’re in, we probably won’t be able to survive into the next century as a species without disruptive innovation (and timeliness). We have to get out of the REM phase because this is also the sleep phase where we have nightmares.

Reference

Documents and patents become less irritating over time. Michael Park et al. Nature vol 613, pages 138–144 (2023). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-05543-x.

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